Public perception of stroke warning signs and knowledge of potential risk factors.
Context. - Decreasing the time from stroke onset to hospital arrival and improving control of stroke risk factors depend on public knowledge of stroke warning signs and risk factors.
- To assess current public knowledge of stroke warning signs and risk factors.
- A population-based telephone interview survey using random digit dialing conducted in 1995.
- The Greater Cincinnati, Ohio, metropolitan area, the population of which is similar to that of the United States overall in age, sex, percentage of blacks, and economic status.
- Respondents with age, race, and sex that matched the population of patients with acute stroke.
Main Outcome Measures
- Knowledge of risk factors for stroke and warning signs of stroke as defined by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.
- Telephone calls were made to 17634 households, which yielded 2642 demographically eligible individuals.
Interviews were completed by 1880 respondents (response rate, 71.2%). A total of 1066 respondents (57%) correctly listed at least 1 of the 5 established stroke warning signs, and of all respondents, 1274 (68%) correctly listed at least 1 of the established stroke risk factors.
Of the respondents, 469 (57%) of 818 respondents with a history of hypertension listed hypertension, 142 (35%) of 402 respondents who were current smokers listed smoking, and 32 (13%) of 255 respondents with diabetes listed diabetes as a risk factor for stroke. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Accident cérébrovasculaire, Enquête publique, Analyseur numérique, Facteur risque, Avertisseur, Evaluation, Acquisition connaissance, Symptomatologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Cérébrovasculaire pathologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Education santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Stroke, Public inquiry, Digital analyzer, Risk factor, Warner, Evaluation, Knowledge acquisition, Symptomatology, United States, North America, America, Human, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Cerebrovascular disease, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease, Health education
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0237226
Code Inist : 002B17C. Création : 11/09/1998.