The purpose of this article is to reflect on current approaches to the prevention of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.
The literature on preventing those disorders was examined within the context of the published literatures concerned with preventive interventions for adolescent drug-taking and alcohol-related behaviors.
Our review revealed that those involved in preventing eating disorders maintain the traditional distinction between primary and secondary prevention, although the fruitfulness of that categorization is now uncertain.
It is argued that interventions for dieting-induced disorders ought to be generic, and target the gamut of transitional risk behaviors among adolescents.
Programs for dieting, cigarette smoking, alcohol use, and safe sex within the health and social development curricula in schools must be sustained by comprehensive efforts within the broader context of societal and systemic change.
Mots-clés Pascal : Promotion santé, Prévention, Anorexie mentale, Boulimie, Autocontrôle, Alimentation, Santé mentale, Adolescent, Homme, Trouble comportement alimentaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health promotion, Prevention, Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia, Self control, Feeding, Mental health, Adolescent, Human, Eating disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0235384
Code Inist : 002B18H05A. Création : 11/09/1998.