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  1. Racial differences in emergency department use persist despite allergist visits and prescriptions filled for antiinflammatory medications.

    Article - En anglais

    Background 

    African-American children use the emergency department (ED) for asthma care more than their Caucasian counterparts.

    Objective 

    We sought to compare ED utilization for asthma care by race, adjusting for prescriptions filled for antiinflammatory medications, type of index visit (specialist vs nonspecialist), and demographic variables.

    Methods 

    An index asthma visit was identified for a cohort of managed care enrollees aged 4 to 11 years.

    Information on asthma encounters and drug claims data was evaluated during a prospective observation period of 12 months.

    Results 

    African-American race was associated with one or more ED visits during the observation period (relative risk [RR]=1.8,95% CI=1.3 to 2.5, p<0.01).

    After adjusting for index visit type, prescriptions filled, and selected demographic variables, African-American race remained associated with post-index ED utilization (adjusted RR=1.6,95% CI=1.0 to 2.4, p=0.05).

    Additional findings included an inverse relationship between African-American race and antiinflammatory medications among children with nonspecialist index visits (RR=0.5,95% CI=0.3 to 0.9, p=0.02) and a positive relationship between African-American race and hospitalization after an ED visit for asthma care (RR=10.2,95% CI=1.4 to 74.8, p<0.01). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Noir américain, Race, Service urgence, Traitement, Chimiothérapie, Antiinflammatoire, Indice gravité, Facteur risque, Observance médicamenteuse, Enfant, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Black American, Race, Emergency department, Treatment, Chemotherapy, Antiinflammatory agent, Severity score, Risk factor, Drug compliance, Child, Human, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0234584

    Code Inist : 002B11B. Création : 11/09/1998.