To examine the cost of incident cases of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in a commercially insured cohort.
Claims from Virginia Blue Cross and Blue Shield (BCBS) beneficiaries with lung cancer from 1989 to 1991 were merged with records from the Virginia Cancer Registry (VCR).
Data from the VCR identified incident cases, stage, and type of cancer at diagnosis.
Costs for all medical care included insurance payment, copayments, and deductibles for 2 years after diagnosis or until death.
Three hundred forty-nine incident NSCLC patients were evaluated.
The mean 2-year cost for each patient after diagnosis or until death was $47,941 (95% confidence interval, $43,758 to $52,124).
Total average costs and hospital days were significantly lower for local disease (537,514,21.2 days), but were similar for regional ($52,797,30.0 days) and distant ($49,382,33.0 days) disease.
Hospital days accounted for 48% and hospital-based claims for 70% of costs.
Initial treatments, which included radiation, unadjusted for stage, had the lowest survival rates and the highest costs, and were associated with the most hospital days.
Initial stage, race, gender, and age were not predictors of total 2-year costs.
The independent predictors of total 2-year costs were type of treatment any radiation therapy, any surgery, or any chemotherapy (all, P<. 001).
Inpatient hospital days was only a modest predictor of costs after adjusting for type of treatment. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Carcinome non petite cellule, Bronchopulmonaire, Etude cohorte, Analyse coût, Economie santé, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Compagnie assurance, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie, Bronche pathologie, Tumeur maligne
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Non small cell carcinoma, Bronchopulmonary, Cohort study, Cost analysis, Health economy, United States, North America, America, Insurance company, Human, Respiratory disease, Lung disease, Bronchus disease, Malignant tumor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0234180
Code Inist : 002B11A. Création : 11/09/1998.