MEDICARE IS THE LARGEST health care program in the country, providing medical care to 38 million aged and disabled Americans.
Concerns over rapid cost increases and the imminent insolvency of the Medicare Hospital Insurance trust fund led to enactment of sweeping Medicare legislation as part of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997.
Preliminary estimates indicate that this legislation will result in program savings of $150 billion in the first five years and will postpone the depletion of the Hospital Insurance fund from the year 2001 until about 2010.
While the Balanced Budget Act significantly reduces Hospital Insurance expenditures in the long range, serious deficits are still expected when the « baby boom » generation reaches retirement.
The Medicare Supplementary Medical Insurance trust fund is automatically in financial balance, but policy makers remain concerned about continuing rapid cost increases.
A new National Bipartisan Commission on the Future of Medicare will attempt to determine effective solutions to these long-range problems.
Mots-clés Pascal : Assurance maladie, Hospitalisation, Soin, Financement, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Economie santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health insurance, Hospitalization, Care, Financing, Human, United States, North America, America, Health economy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0232573
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 11/09/1998.