There is strong evidence that population screening can reduce mortality from colorectal cancer.
Screening tests such as faecal occult blood test and flexible sigmoidoscopy are used to identify patients with an increased risk of cancer who would benefit from a full colon examination.
There is indirect evidence that colonoscopy may be effective as a mass screening tool.
Potential benefits of colonoscopy include the ability to visualize the entire colon and to detect and remove polyps, which could prevent cancers, and identify cancers if present anywhere in the colon.
Issues related to the implementation of a colonoscopy screening programme are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Carcinome, Côlon, Rectum, Dépistage, Exploration clinique, Implémentation, Colonoscopie, Diagnostic, Polype, Traitement, Résection chirurgicale, Résultat, Homme, Tumeur maligne, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Côlon pathologie, Rectum pathologie, Endoscopie, Tumeur bénigne, Chirurgie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Carcinoma, Colon, Rectum, Medical screening, Clinical investigation, Implementation, Colonoscopy, Diagnosis, Polyp, Treatment, Surgical resection, Result, Human, Malignant tumor, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Colonic disease, Rectal disease, Endoscopy, Benign neoplasm, Surgery
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0230454
Code Inist : 002B13B01. Création : 11/09/1998.