Aim-To establish whether smoking is an independent risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), if the effect is mainly due to prenatal or postnatal smoking, and the effect of smoking cessation.
Method-The analyses were based on data from the Nordic epidemiological SIDS study, a case-control study with 244 cases and 869 controls.
Odds ratios were computed by conditional logistic regression analysis.
Smoking emerged as an independent risk factor for SIDS, and the effect was mainly mediated through maternal smoking in pregnancy (crude odds ratio 4.0 (95% confidence interval 2.9 to 5.6)). Maternal smoking showed a marked dose-response relation.
There was no effect of paternal smoking if the mother did not smoke.
Stopping or even reducing smoking was beneficial.
SIDS cases exposed to tobacco smoke were breast fed for a shorter time than non-exposed cases, and feeding difficulties were also more common.
Conclusion-Smoking is an independent risk factor for SIDS and is mainly mediated through maternal smoking during pregnancy.
Stopping smoking or smoking less may be beneficial in reducing the risk of SIDS.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mort subite, Nourrisson, Homme, Incidence, Relation, Tabagisme, Gestation, Postnatal, Arrêt exposition, Epidémiologie, Enfant, Pays Scandinaves, Europe, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux autonome pathologie, Toxicomanie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sudden death, Infant, Human, Incidence, Relation, Tobacco smoking, Pregnancy, Postnatal, Exposure stopping, Epidemiology, Child, Scandinavia, Europe, Respiratory disease, Nervous system diseases, Diseases of the autonomic nervous system, Drug addiction
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0229954
Code Inist : 002B17A08. Création : 11/09/1998.