Calcium bromide brine is a highly concentrated aqueous solution of calcium bromide and calcium chloride.
It is used extensively in the oil industry.
This solution and its components are recognized as causes of skin injury and information is available from the manufacturers on their safe use and handling.
Two patients who were injured following unprotected skin exposure to this solution and one patient who was injured following exposure to calcium chloride powder are reported.
All sustained skin injuries characterised by an absence of pain and a delayed clinical appearance of the full extent of the injury.
Furthermore healing was complicated by graft loss or was slow.
Although organic bromine compounds are recognized as a cause of skin injuries1,2, no previous reports of such injuries to humans secondary to calcium chloride or bromide exposure were found in the medical literature.
Our experience with these patients is described.
Mots-clés Pascal : Exposition professionnelle, Contact direct, Calcium bromure, Calcium chlorure, Complication, Peau, Brûlure chimique, Symptomatologie, Traitement, Etude cas, Homme, Médecine travail, Toxicologie, Peau pathologie, Traumatisme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational exposure, Direct contact, Calcium bromide, Calcium chloride, Complication, Skin, Chemical burn, Symptomatology, Treatment, Case study, Human, Occupational medicine, Toxicology, Skin disease, Trauma
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0228408
Code Inist : 002B03L04. Création : 11/09/1998.