Study objective-To investigate the association between the level of social deprivation in electoral wards and various life events.
Life events include mortality, self reported long term illness, and for women : still-birth, underweight birth, birth while a teenager, and sole registered birth.
Associations with area deprivation are tested before and after allowing for levels of personal deprivation.
Design-Prospective census follow up using the Office for National Statistics Longitudinal Study.
Setting-England and Wales.
Participants-A random sample of more than 300 000 people enumerated at the 1981 census, and aged 10 to 64 in 1981.
Some analyses are necessarily restricted to certain age/sex groups.
Outcome measures-Several outcomes in the decade 1981-1992 are investigated : risk of premature death (before age 70, all cause), risk of long term limiting illness in 1991, and risk of inauspicious fertility outcomes in women.
Main results-Without adjusting for personal circumstances all outcomes, except risk of stillbirth, show a clear, significant, and approximately linear association with social deprivation of ward of residence in 1981.
Associations are much stronger for outcomes where a greater « social » component can be construed (teenage birth, sole registered birth) than for outcomes that are probably more physiologically determined (mortality, stillbirth, low birth weight). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Pauvreté, Statut socioéconomique, Privation, Mortalité, Morbidité, Poids naissance faible, Gestation, Adolescent, Homme, Maladie, Chronique, Autoperception, Epidémiologie, Pronostic, Prédicteur, Evolution, Royaume Uni, Europe, Etude longitudinale, Gestation pathologie, Prématurité, Nouveau né pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Poverty, Socioeconomic status, Deprivation, Mortality, Morbidity, Low birth weight, Pregnancy, Adolescent, Human, Disease, Chronic, Self perception, Epidemiology, Prognosis, Predictor, Evolution, United Kingdom, Europe, Follow up study, Pregnancy disorders, Prematurity, Newborn diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0224176
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 11/09/1998.