International Symposium in Medical Geography. Portsmouth, GBR, 1996/07.
Atopic eczema is the most common inflammatory skin disease in children, affecting around 10% of children in the developed world.
It can be a distressing condition, influencing children's well-being, personal and educational development, and family life, and it has huge economic implications for health services and individual budgets.
Like other atopic diseases such as asthma and hay fever, the prevalence of atopic eczema has increased substantially over the last 30 years, for reasons largely unknown.
Although a genetic predisposition to the disease has been implicated, evidence from a range of sources suggests that environmental factors play a crucial role in the disease expression.
This paper reviews the epidemiology of atopic eczema, with particular attention to potential environmental aetiological factors and draws evidence from studies in the UK and internationally.
First, atopic eczema has been found to vary socially and to be more prevalent in the UK among social class I and II families than among other socio-economic groups.
Second, it has been suggested that cross infection from other siblings in large families may have a protective role in atopic disease expression.
Third, it has been proposed that an increased risk of atopic eczema may result from decreases in helminthic infestation. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Eczéma, Atopie, Epidémiologie, Classe sociale, Statut socioéconomique, Groupe familial, Parasitose, Infection, Immigration, Variation géographique, Morbidité, Facteur risque, Mode de vie, Environnement, Allergie, Immunopathologie, Peau pathologie, Royaume Uni, Europe, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Eczema, Atopy, Epidemiology, Social class, Socioeconomic status, Family group, Parasitosis, Infection, Immigration, Geographical variation, Morbidity, Risk factor, Life habit, Environment, Allergy, Immunopathology, Skin disease, United Kingdom, Europe, Human
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0224077
Code Inist : 002B06C04. Création : 11/09/1998.