The purpose of this study was to assess informed consent to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing in a perinatal HIV transmission study in a major referral hospital serving a largely Black population in South Africa.
First-time antenatal clinic attenders who were randomly selected from those enrolled in the perinatal HIV study (n=56) answered questionnaires before and after counseling.
Knowledge of HIV transmission and prevention, high at the outset, was little improved after counseling.
The acceptance rate for HIV testing was high.
Despite assurances that participation was voluntary, 88% of the women said they felt compelled to participate in the study.
Informed consent in this setting was truly informed but not truly voluntary.
Mots-clés Pascal : Dépistage, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Consentement éclairé, Homme, Femelle, Gestation, Attitude, Conseil clinique, Volontaire, Connaissance, Participation, Recherche, Milieu hospitalier, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, République Sud Africaine, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Medical screening, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Informed consent, Human, Female, Pregnancy, Attitude, Clinical counseling, Volunteer, Knowledge, Participation, Research, Hospital environment, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, South Africa, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0224012
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 11/09/1998.