Demographic trends are reported concerning three types of traumatic brain injury (concussions, cranial fractures, and intracranial contusions/haemorrhages) among children in Denmark of ages up to and including 14 years, for a fifteen year period from 1979 through 1993.
The data were derived from a national computer-based hospitalization register and include 49,594 children, of whom 60% were boys and 89% had suffered a concussion.
Virtually all injuries were the result of accidents.
A major finding was that there has been a general decline in the incidence of traumatic brain injuries, especially for boys from 5 to 14 years old, suggesting a degree of success in preventive measures, particularly regarding road safety.
The incidence of fatal cases of intracranial contusions/haemorrhages approximately halved over the 15 year period.
However, as a proportion of all diagnosed cases, mortality from intracranial contusions/haemorrhages remained fairly constant at about 22%, perhaps because there have been no markedly successful innovations in acute care.
Among children surviving a intracranial contusions/haemorrhages, rather considerable numbers were found to have been awarded disability pension at ages under 30.
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Crânioencéphalique, Mortalité, Handicap, Séquelle, Registre, Système national, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Evolution, Taux, Enfant, Homme, Danemark, Europe, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Crâne pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Craniocerebral, Mortality, Handicap, Sequela, Register, National system, Epidemiology, Incidence, Evolution, Rate, Child, Human, Denmark, Europe, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Skull disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0223556
Code Inist : 002B16B. Création : 11/09/1998.