Validity and reliability in reporting sexual partners and condom use in a Swiss population survey.
To examine the validity and reliability of indicators of sexual behaviour and condom use in annual telephone surveys (n=2800) of the general population aged 17 to 45 for the evaluation of AIDS prevention in Switzerland.
A test-retest study with additional focused interviews was conducted on a subsample (n=138) of the respondents aged 17 to 22 years.
The subsample included more French speaking respondents (OR : 1.7, CI : 1.1-2.5) and more people in a stable relationship (OR : 2.2, CI : 1.5-3-3) than the initial sample but did not differ in any other way, although no data is available on their attitudes towards sex.
The reliability of the indicators considered was high : number of lifetime, casual sex partners in the last 6 months and condom use with them, acquisition of a new steady partner during the year and condom use with this partner, condom use at last intercourse.
However, the focused interviews raised questions about the validity of some of these indicators, presumably due to imprecise wording of the questionnaire items.
Among sexually active respondents, 12.5% (95% CI : 4.7-25.5) of the men included non-penetrative sex in the definition of'sexual intercourse'but only 1.9% (95% CI : 0.1-10.3) of the women.
The propensity for men of counting acts or partners with whom no penetration had taken place in the total reported sex acts or partners was not significantly associated with any socio-demographic variables. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Comportement sexuel, Utilisation, Condom, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Prévention, Méthodologie, Epidémiologie, Evaluation, Validité, Fiabilité, Homme, Suisse, Europe, Enquête, Téléphone, Sexualité, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Surveillance sanitaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sexual behavior, Use, Condom, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Prevention, Methodology, Epidemiology, Evaluation, Validity, Reliability, Human, Switzerland, Europe, Survey, Telephone, Sexuality, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Sanitary surveillance
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0223553
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 11/09/1998.