The present study was carried out in order to monitor the epidemiology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis disease in the Padua Health District over the period 1985-1996 with a view to the situation in some population subgroups.
The average annual rate per 100,000 persons per year was 7.9 with a peak in 1994 (15.6 per 100,000 persons).
The most significant variations are not per annum but between the periods 1985-1990 and 1991-1996 (average rates per 100,000 persons : 4.8 and 10.9, respectively).
The trend shows an increasing frequency in all age groups and especially among the elderly.
Immigration from endemic areas and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection appear to contribute to the increase the number of notified cases among adults.
In the last four years an increase of tuberculosis cases was also observed among subjects with professional exposure risk.
Improvements of programs both at national and regional level are believed to be essential to the tuberculosis control.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tuberculose, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Infection, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacteriaceae, Mycobacteriales, Actinomycetes, Bactérie, Surveillance sanitaire, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Incidence, Homme, Italie, Europe, Appareil respiratoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tuberculosis, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacteriaceae, Mycobacteriales, Actinomycetes, Bacteria, Sanitary surveillance, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Incidence, Human, Italy, Europe, Respiratory disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0223023
Code Inist : 002B05B02O. Création : 11/09/1998.