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  1. Psychotropic medication consumption patterns in the UK general population.

    Article - En anglais

    The prevalence of psychotropic medication consumption was assessed in the UK by surveying a representative sample of 4972 non-institutionalized individuals 15 years of age or older (participation rate, 79.6%). A questionnaire was administered over the telephone with the help of the Sleep-Eval Expert System.

    Topics covered included : type and name of medication, indication, dosage, duration of intake, and medical specialty of prescriber.

    Also collected were data pertaining to sociodemographics, physical illnesses, and DSM-IV mental disorders.

    Overall, 3.5% [95% CI : 3-41 of the sample reported current use of psychotropic medication.

    Consumption was higher among women (4.6%) [1.8-5.4]) than men (2.3%) [1.7-2.9]), and among the elderly (=65 years of age).

    The distribution of psychotropics was :

    Hypnotics 1.5%, antidepressants 1.1%, and anxiolytics 0.8%. The median duration of psychotropic intake was 52 weeks.

    General practitioners were the most common prescribers of psychotropics (over 80% for each class of drug).

    Nearly half the antidepressant users were diagnosed by the system with a DSM-IV anxiety disorder, and one-fifth the anxiolytic users with a depressive disorder.

    A marked improvement in sleep quality was reported by half the subjects using a psychotropic for sleep-enhancing purposes.

    Psychotropic users were more likely than non-users to report episodes of memory loss, vertigo, or anomia. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Hypnotique, Antidépresseur, Neuroleptique, Psychotrope, Indication, Posologie, Durée, Epidémiologie, Chimiothérapie, Traitement, Prévalence, Homme, Royaume Uni, Europe

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hypnotic, Antidepressant agent, Neuroleptic, Psychotropic, Indication, Posology, Duration, Epidemiology, Chemotherapy, Treatment, Prevalence, Human, United Kingdom, Europe

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0222709

    Code Inist : 002B02B11. Création : 11/09/1998.