Course of health status among chronically ill persons : Differentials according to level of education.
The aim of this article was to assess the attitudes of older adults (age>74 years) toward research participation.
A questionnaire was mailed to the study population (n=1197) which included people who had participated in a longitudinal study once, twice, three times, or more.
The participants showed a positive attitude in general as 79% saw an advantage of participation and 72% did not report any negative reaction.
Older elderly with impaired cognitive functionning and lower education showed the least positive attitude, reporting the first contact and the cognitive testing as the most stressful situations.
The group who had participated more than once was the most positive, but more often refused some parts of the clinical examination.
We conclude that :
(1) more attention is necessary to the initial contact ;
(2) reduction of stressful or tiring examinations is recommended ;
and (3) complete information about the research, including the right to refuse individual parts of the study, must be given.
Such procedures will improve both the quality and the ethics of the research.
Mots-clés Pascal : Santé, Autoperception, Maladie, Chronique, Handicap, Niveau étude, Statut socioéconomique, Classe sociale, Epidémiologie, Pronostic, Facteur risque, Indicateur, Homme, Pays Bas, Europe, Etude comparative
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health, Self perception, Disease, Chronic, Handicap, Education level, Socioeconomic status, Social class, Epidemiology, Prognosis, Risk factor, Indicator, Human, Netherlands, Europe, Comparative study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0222694
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 11/09/1998.