Violations of the international code of marketing of breast milk substitutes : prevalence in four countries.
To estimate the prevalence of violations of the international code of marketing of substitutes for breast milk in one city in each of Bangladesh, poland, South Africa, and Thailand.
Multistage random sampling was used to select pregnant women and mothers of infants <= 6 months old to interview at health facilities.
Women were asked whether they had received free samples of substitutes for breast milk (including infant formula designed to meet the nutritional needs of infants from birth to 4 to 6 months of age, follow on formula designed to replace infant formula at the age of 4 to 6 months, and complementary foods for infants aged <= 6 months), bottles, or teats.
The source of the free sample and when it had been been to the women was also determined'3 health workers were interviewed at each facility to assess whether the facility had received free samples, to determifie how they had been used, and to determine whether gifts had been given to health workers by companies that manufactured or distributed breast milk substitutes.
Compliance with the marketing code for information given to health workers was evaluated using a checklist.
Health facilities in Dhaka, Bangladesh ; Warsaw, Poland ; Durban, South Africa ; and Bangkok, Thailand Subjects :
Health facilities in Dhaka, Bangladesh ;
Warsaw, Poland ;
Durban, South Africa ;
1468 pregnant women, 1582 mothers of infants aged <= 6 months, and 466 health workers at 165 health facilities. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Allaitement, Substituant, Prévalence, Autorisation mise sur marché, Code, International, Aspect juridique, Méthodologie, Enquête sur terrain, Homme, Femelle, Facteur risque, Métabolisme pathologie, Politique sanitaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Breast feeding, Substituent, Prevalence, Marketing authorization, Code, International, Legal aspect, Methodology, Field inquiry, Human, Female, Risk factor, Metabolic diseases, Health policy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0219025
Code Inist : 002B20G01. Création : 11/09/1998.