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  1. Comparison of of drug utilisation in public and private primary health care clinics in Tanzania.

    Article - En anglais

    A study was carried out in 20 public and 20 private out patient clinics (dispensaries) in Dar es Salaam.

    At least 30 prescriptions were collected from each clinic.

    A total of 1200 were collected for analysis.

    Prescribing indicators from the WHO/DAP « how to investigate drugs in health facilities » were used.

    The average number of drugs per prescription in public clinics was 2.2 compared to 2.5 in private ones (p>0.05).

    The percentage generics was 51.7 in public clinics against 47.7 in private (p>0.05).

    On the other hand the percentage of antibiotics was 12.3 in public against 19.7 in private (p<0.05) whereas injections percentage was 9.6 in public against 12.7 in private clinics (p<0.05).

    The results suggest a need for intervention to curb the irrational use of antibiotics and injections in private clinics.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Utilisation, Médicament générique, Antibiotique, Injection, Etude comparative, Secteur privé, Secteur public, Homme, Tanzanie, Afrique, Consommation

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Use, Generic drug, Antibiotic, Injection, Comparative study, Private sector, Public sector, Human, Tanzania, Africa, Consumption

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0215793

    Code Inist : 002B30A01B. Création : 11/09/1998.