Discovering environmental cancer : Wilhelm Hueper, post-world war II epidemiology, and the vanishing clinician's eye.
Today, our understanding of and approach to the exogenous causes of cancer are dominated by epidemiological practices that came into widespread use after World War II.
This paper examines the forces, considerations, and controversies that shaped postwar risk factor epidemiology in the United States.
It is argued that, for all of the new capabilities it brought, this risk factor epidemiology has left us with less of a clinical eye for unrecognized cancer hazards, especially from limited and localized exposures in the workplace.
The focus here is on Wilhelm Hueper, author of the first textbook on occupational cancer (1942).
Huerper became the foremost spokesman for earlier identification practices centering on occupational exposures.
The new epidemiological methods and associated institutions that arose in the 1940s and 1950s bore an unsettled relation to earlier claims and methods that some, Hueper among them, interpreted as a challenge.
Hueper's critique of the new epidemiology identified some of its limitations and potentially debilitating consequences that remain with us today.
Mots-clés Pascal : Carcinogène, Exposition professionnelle, Milieu professionnel, Epidémiologie, Homme, 1940-1950, 1950-1960, Histoire, Médecine travail, Tumeur maligne, Toxicité, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Carcinogen, Occupational exposure, Occupational environment, Epidemiology, Human, 1940-1950, 1950-1960, History, Occupational medicine, Malignant tumor, Toxicity, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0214114
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 11/09/1998.