Impact of a child first aid wall calendar on lay people's skills and knowledge of infant CPR.
The aim of the study was to evaluate whether mass-mailing of a 12-month wall calendar which focused on child and infant safety and first aid treatment had any educational effect on lay people.
The calendar included algorithms for removal of a foreign body from the airways and infant and child CPR.
The knowledge and skills in these procedures were tested in two groups using a previously validated check-list before and after the introduction of the calendar.
One group received the calendar by mass mailing, free-of-charge.
Six months after calendar distribution the mean result for 52 persons tested was 18% correct, not different from the 19% correct for 65 persons tested before calendar distribution.
The other group received the calendar as part of an internal company campaign focusing on infant and child safety with a possibility for borrowing a baby manikin, but with no instruction involved.
In this group the mean result improved significantly from 27% precalendar (n=57) to 47% (n=125) (P<0.001) 1 week after calendar distribution with a significant reduction to 38% (n=52) (P=0.004) 6 months later, still significantly better than precalendar (P=0.004).
Test persons younger than 50 years old scored better than those older than 50 years (39 vs. 22%, P<0.001), and the test persons scored better if they had been tested previously (44 vs. 35%, P=0.04) or had practised with a baby manikin (45 vs. 35%, P=0.02). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Réanimation, Cardiopulmonaire, Acquisition connaissance, Evaluation performance, Enseignement par correspondance, Mannequin, Norvège, Europe, Education santé, Influence, Campagne mesure, Nourrisson, Homme, Calendrier mural, Courrier
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Resuscitation, Cardiopulmonary, Knowledge acquisition, Performance evaluation, Mail teaching, Dummy, Norway, Europe, Health education, Influence, Measurement campaign, Infant, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0207472
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 11/09/1998.