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  1. Four-step CPR : improving skill retention.

    Article - En anglais

    This study is an attempt to see if simplifying the teaching of basic life support leads to better skill acquisition and retention.

    Forty-eight lay volunteers received instruction in CPR ; 24 were taught the standard 8-step sequence whereas 24 were taught a simplified 4-step sequence.

    Tests of performance were carried out on a manikin before and after training.

    Those in the 4-step group were significantly better than those in the 8-step group at remembering the sequence of skills immediately after training (P=0.04), 1 week later (P<0.001) and at 6 weeks (P<0.001).

    Twenty-three out of the 24 volunteers in the 4-step group got the sequence completely correct each time they were tested, in contrast to only 2 out of the 24 in the 8-step group.

    There was no difference, however, in the quality of performance of the skills between the two groups.

    In addition, it was shown that use of the 4-step sequence should result in a useful reduction in the time taken before a rescuer calls for the emergency services and commences CPR.

    Whether such a radical change in teaching should be introduced is a matter for further discussion and research.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Réanimation, Cardiopulmonaire, Programme éducatif, Enseignement, Acquisition connaissance, Royaume Uni, Europe, Etude comparative, Education santé, Méthode, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Resuscitation, Cardiopulmonary, Educational schedule, Teaching, Knowledge acquisition, United Kingdom, Europe, Comparative study, Health education, Method, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0207463

    Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 11/09/1998.