Types of spiritual well-being among persons with chronic illness : Their relation to various forms of quality of life.
Derive a spiritual well-being classification and thereby enhance understanding of the relation between spiritual well-being, quality of life (QOL), and health among persons with chronic illness or disability.
Cluster analyses were performed to develop a spiritual well-being classification.
Analysis of variance was used to compare cluster groups on various dimensions of QOL.
Part of a larger QOL study conducted at a midwestern medical center.
A convenience sample of 216 inpatients : amputation In=74), postpolio (n=37), spinal cord injury In=34), breast cancer In=36), and prostate cancer In=35).
Minors were excluded from the study
Main Outcome Measures :
Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS), Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT), Functional Living Index-Cancer (FLIC), Sickness Impact Profile (SIP), Medical Outcome Survey-Short Form (SF-36), and the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS).
Three types of spiritual well-being were identified : religious (n=146), existential (n=37), and nonspiritual In=30).
Significant cluster differences (p<. 03 to p<. 001) were observed across all QOL domains and life satisfaction.
Compared with the other cluster groups, the nonspiritual group reported significantly lower levels of QOL and life satisfaction and the highest proportion of health status change with respect to both improvement and decline in health. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Handicap physique, Maladie, Chronique, Exploration clinique, Bien être psychologique, Qualité vie, Classification, Etude statistique, Homme, Psychologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Physical handicap, Disease, Chronic, Clinical investigation, Psychological well being, Quality of life, Classification, Statistical study, Human, Psychology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0207218
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 11/09/1998.