This study examines the prevalence of, and risk factors for, diabetic retinopathy in Asian Indian, Chinese, and Creole Mauritians in whom there is an increasing prevalence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM).
As part of a population-based survey on the Indian Ocean island of Mauritius in 1992, glucose tolerance was classified using a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test on 6,553 persons.
Subjects with newly diagnosed (n=358) or known diabetes (n=388), and a random sample of one in four subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (n=165), had stereoscopic 45° retinal photographs taken of three fields in the right eye after mydriasis.
Photographs were graded according to a modified version of the Airlie House criteria.
The prevalence of nonproliferative and proliferative retinopathy was :
14.5% and 0.3%, respectively, in newly diagnosed diabetic subjects ;
42.0% and 2.3%, respectively, in known diabetic subjects ;
and 9.1% and 0%, respectively, in persons with impaired glucose tolerance.
Muslim Indians had the lowest prevalence of retinopathy (10.8% and 34.0% for new and known diabetes, respectively), but after adjusting for other factors, this was significantly different only to Creoles (18.8% and 53.8%, respectively). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Rétinopathie, Diabète, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Dépistage, Epidémiologie, Homme, Ile Maurice, Iles Océan Indien, Oeil pathologie, Endocrinopathie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Retinopathy, Diabetes mellitus, Prevalence, Risk factor, Medical screening, Epidemiology, Human, Mauritius, Indian Ocean Islands, Eye disease, Endocrinopathy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0206709
Code Inist : 002B21E01B. Création : 11/09/1998.