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  1. Fulltext. Prevalence and risk factors for diabetic retinopathy in the multiethnic population of Mauritius.

    Article - En anglais


    This study examines the prevalence of, and risk factors for, diabetic retinopathy in Asian Indian, Chinese, and Creole Mauritians in whom there is an increasing prevalence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM).

    As part of a population-based survey on the Indian Ocean island of Mauritius in 1992, glucose tolerance was classified using a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test on 6,553 persons.

    Subjects with newly diagnosed (n=358) or known diabetes (n=388), and a random sample of one in four subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (n=165), had stereoscopic 45° retinal photographs taken of three fields in the right eye after mydriasis.

    Photographs were graded according to a modified version of the Airlie House criteria.

    The prevalence of nonproliferative and proliferative retinopathy was :

    • 14.5% and 0.3%, respectively, in newly diagnosed diabetic subjects ;

    • 42.0% and 2.3%, respectively, in known diabetic subjects ;

    • and 9.1% and 0%, respectively, in persons with impaired glucose tolerance.

    Muslim Indians had the lowest prevalence of retinopathy (10.8% and 34.0% for new and known diabetes, respectively), but after adjusting for other factors, this was significantly different only to Creoles (18.8% and 53.8%, respectively). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Rétinopathie, Diabète, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Dépistage, Epidémiologie, Homme, Ile Maurice, Iles Océan Indien, Oeil pathologie, Endocrinopathie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Retinopathy, Diabetes mellitus, Prevalence, Risk factor, Medical screening, Epidemiology, Human, Mauritius, Indian Ocean Islands, Eye disease, Endocrinopathy

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0206709

    Code Inist : 002B21E01B. Création : 11/09/1998.