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  1. Latex allergy in operating room nurses.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To determine the prevalence of allergy to natural rubber latex and potential crossreacting foods in operating room nurses.

    Method 

    Two hundred forty-seven operating room nurses completed a latex allergy questionnaire.

    They were questioned about symptoms of latex reactivity and about other allergies particularly to foods that may crossreact with latex.

    Informed consent was obtained and skin prick testing was performed with natural rubber latex and five latex extracts representing low (0.08 to 0.25 mug/mL) and high (18 to 106 mug/mL) natural rubber latex protein gloves.

    Skin prick tests were done with four potentially crossreacting foods (banana, avocado, kiwi, and potato), saline, and histamine controls.

    Results 

    One hundred thirty-five (54.7%) nurses described allergic symptoms they attributed to latex exposure.

    Of these 12 (4.9%) tested positive to latex extracts alone, 12 (4.9%) tested positive to food extracts alone, and 5 (2.0%) tested positive to both latex and crossreactive foods.

    Three of the 17 (17.6%) nurses testing positive to latex gave no history of reactivity to latex.

    Indirect latex ELISA was done on the serum of skin test-positive patients with a 70.6% sensitivity.

    Conclusion 

    Of the nurses tested, 6.9% had positive skin prick tests to latex extracts ; 17.6% of these were asymptomatic and 29.4% had associated food positive skin prick tests.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Atopie, Bloc opératoire, Infirmier, Latex, Symptomatologie, Aliment, Test cutané, Réaction croisée, Prévalence, Caoutchouc naturel, Epidémiologie, Homme, Immunopathologie, Allergie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Atopy, Operating room, Nurse, Latex, Symptomatology, Food, Skin test, Cross reaction, Prevalence, Natural rubber, Epidemiology, Human, Immunopathology, Allergy

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0206506

    Code Inist : 002B06C03. Création : 11/09/1998.