Pregnancy is not associated with the progression of HIV disease in women attending an HIV outpatient program.
The objective of this study was to determine whether pregnancy is associated with an acceleration of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease progression in women who have a pregnancy while HIV infected.
A retrospective review of all women aged 15-35 years who attended an HIV outpatient program from January 1989 through August 1995, was undertaken.
The 192 women who had a term pregnancy after testing positive for HIV were compared with 164 women who were not pregnant during the same period.
The main outcome measures were death, the occurrence of a first acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) - defining condition, or a condition indicative of symptomatic HIV.
Disease progression was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate proportional hazards models.
Compared with nonpregnant women, women with a term pregnancy were significantly more likely to be African-American (88% vs. 78%, p<0.05), younger than 22 years of age (51% vs. 11%, p<0.001), and to have entered the clinic with a higher median CD4 count (519 vs. 433 cells/mul, p<0.001).
After adjusting for entry CD4 count and other factors, pregnancy was not associated with progression to any of the study outcomes.
Thus, in women attending a publicly funded clinic, pregnancy does not appear to accelerate the progression of HIV disease.
Mots-clés Pascal : Gestation, Complication, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Relation incertitude, Augmentation, Incidence, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Homme, Femelle, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pregnancy, Complication, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Uncertainty relation, Increase, Incidence, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Human, Female, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0206265
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 11/09/1998.