This study reports the outcome of depression and anxiety disorders in older people.
Follow-up of 165 subjects age 65 or over, initially identified in a community study in inner London as depressed or having an anxiety disorder.
117 subjects still living in the area ; 25 had died.
Death was predicted only by activity limitation at first interview and not by other demographic or morbidity variables.
Eighty-six subjects reinterviewed ; 21 males, 65 females.
Of the depressed, 34% had recovered, 39% were depressed and 27% were dead.
Predictors from initial interview of continuing depression were female gender and more severe depression.
Of those with phobic anxiety, 16% had recovered, 18% died and 66% were still phobic.
Predictors of continuing phobic anxiety from initial interview were female gender and « stand-alone » phobic anxiety, i.e., not being depressed at initial interview.
Sixty percent of those with early onset phobias had specific phobias ; 82% of those with late-onset phobias had agoraphobia.
Twenty-two subjects were prescribed psychotropics.
The only significant predictor of psychotropic prescription was having sleep disturbance at initial interview.
A low score on life satisfaction was significantly correlated with depression but not with phobic disorder.
A high score was correlated with not having a current psychiatric disorder.
Some subjects were lost to follow-up. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat dépressif, Trouble anxieux, Evolution, Etude longitudinale, Mortalité, Rémission, Epidémiologie, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Santé mentale, Vieillard, Homme, Trouble humeur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Depression, Anxiety disorder, Evolution, Follow up study, Mortality, Remission, Epidemiology, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Mental health, Elderly, Human, Mood disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0205108
Code Inist : 002B18E. Création : 11/09/1998.