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  1. Fulltext. Does low socioeconomic status potentiate the effects of heightened cardiovascular responses to stress on the progression of carotid atherosclerosis ?

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    This study examined heightened cardiovascular reactivity and low socioeconomic status had synergistic effects on the progression of carotid atherosclerosis in a population of eastern Finnish men.

    Methods

    Data from the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study were used to measure 4-year progression of intima-media thickness in 882 men according to cardiovascular reactivity and socioeconomic status.

    Associations were examined in relation to risk factors and were stratified by baseline levels of atherosclerosis and prevalent ischemic heart disease.

    Results

    The effect of reactivity on atheroslcerotic progression depended on socioeconomic status.

    Men who had heightened cardiovascular responsiveness to stess and were born into poor families, received little education, or had low incomes had the greatest atherosclerotic progression.

    Conclusions

    An understanding of associations between individual risk factors and disease should be based on etiologic hypotheses that are conceived at the population level and involve fundamental social and economic causes of disease.

    This study demonstrates how examining the interaction of an individual biological predispostion with low socioeconomic status over the life course is etiologically informative for understanding the progression of atherosclerotic vascular disease.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Athérosclérose, Carotide, Développement maladie, Sensibilité, Rythme cardiaque, Pression sanguine, Hémodynamique, Stress, Coeur, Prédisposition, Epidémiologie, Statut socioéconomique, Faible, Homme, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Finlande, Europe

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Atherosclerosis, Carotid, Disease development, Sensitivity, Heart rate, Blood pressure, Hemodynamics, Stress, Heart, Predisposition, Epidemiology, Socioeconomic status, Low, Human, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease, Finland, Europe

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0196261

    Code Inist : 002B12B01. Création : 11/09/1998.