The purpose of this study was to determine the impact on patient care and the cost effectiveness of testing for chlamydial Infection in the emergency department.
All patients tested for chlamydial infection in three emergency departments between October 1,1993 and January 31,1994 were retrospectively reviewed for charges and adequacy of therapy.
In one hospital, the effectiveness of a call-back system to enhance proper therapy of inadequately treated patients was evaluated.
Of 2,416 test results, 249 were positive, and 197 of these charts were available for review.
All 16 male patients were treated appropriately at the initial visit ; 105 of 181 female patients were inadequately treated at the initial visit.
The charge to identify each patient inadequately treated was $981.22 ($103,000 for 105).
Of the 28 inadequately treated patients receiving a follow-up call, 20 sought treatment.
The high cost of testing patients cannot be justified without an adequate surveillance system to enhance proper follow-up treatment.
Mots-clés Pascal : Infection, Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydiaceae, Chlamydiales, Bactérie, Service urgence, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Exploration microbiologique, Analyse coût efficacité, Coût global, Economie santé, Diagnostic, Surveillance, Homme, Femelle, Chlamydiose, Bactériose
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Infection, Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydiaceae, Chlamydiales, Bacteria, Emergency department, United States, North America, America, Microbiological investigation, Cost efficiency analysis, Life cycle cost, Health economy, Diagnosis, Surveillance, Human, Female, Chlamydiosis, Bacteriosis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0196119
Code Inist : 002B05B02H. Création : 11/09/1998.