The goal of this study was to provide national estimates of the frequency and cost of school injuries.
Six years of National Health Interview Survey data were used to estimate nonfatal injury incidence rates, multiple sources were used to estimate fatalities, and national highway crash data were used to estimate school bus injury incidence.
Each year, 3.7 million children suffer a substantial injury at school, resulting in an estimated $3.2 billion in medical spending and $115 billion in good health lost.
Nonshcool fatalities greatly exceed school fatalities ; from an incidence per hour perspective, however, school hours are no safer than non-school hours despite greater formal supervision.
School bus injuries account for half of school injury deaths but less than 1% of total school injury costs.
Nonfatal injury is a problem in schools.
The concentration of injury at secondaary schools suggests that interventions there may be most cost-effective.
Data on school injury causes are greatly needed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Accident, Milieu scolaire, Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire, Adolescent, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Analyse coût, Economie santé, Autobus, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Accident, School environment, Child, Human, School age, Adolescent, Epidemiology, Incidence, Cost analysis, Health economy, Bus, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0195060
Code Inist : 002B16H. Création : 11/09/1998.