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  1. Education and occupational social class : which is the more important indicator of mortality risk ?

    Article - En anglais

    Study objective-In the UK, studies of socioeconomic differentials in mortality have generally relied upon occupational social class as the index of socioeconomic position, while in the US, measures based upon education have been widely used.

    These two measures have different characteristics ; for example, social class can change throughout adult life, while education is unlikely to alter after early adulthood.

    Therefore different interpretations can be given to the mortality differentials that are seen.

    The objective of this analysis is to demonstrate the profile of mortality differentials, and the factors underlying these differentials, which are associated with the two socioeconomic measures.

    Design-Prospective observational study.

    Setting-27 work places in the west of Scotland.

    Participants-5749 men aged 35-64 who completed questionnaires and were examined between 1970 and 1973.

    Finding-At baseline, similar gradients between socioeconomic position and blood pressure, height, lung function, and smoking behaviour were seen, regardless of whether the education or social class measure was used.

    Manual social class and early termination of full time education were associated with higher blood pressure, shorter height, poorer lung function, and a higher prevalence of smoking.

    Within education strata, the graded association between smoking and social class remains strong, whereas within social class groups the relation between education and smoking is attenuated. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Education, Profession, Statut socioéconomique, Mortalité, Facteur risque, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Analyse statistique, Indicateur, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Education, Profession, Socioeconomic status, Mortality, Risk factor, Cardiovascular disease, Statistical analysis, Indicator, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0194327

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 11/09/1998.