Eating disorders and health education.
Research evidence and clinical experience both indicate an increase in the incidence of eating disorders, particularly in younger children, including males under 14 years of age.
Current health education material promotes diets low in fat and cholesterol as generally beneficial but generally does not report research evidence suggesting tentative links between such diets and increased aggression, depression and suicide.
Animal studies support the observations of human studies and links between food and mood are well documented.
The absence of specific nutrients is clearly associated with not only physical but psychological changes, most clearly manifested in the eating disorders but also demonstrated experimentally in studies of healthy males on a reducing diet.
Contemporary media also promote the ideal of'thinness'as a route to perfection, suggesting a cultural norm which equates with success in both material and aesthetic terms.
Perfectionism and low set-esteem are recognized as predisposing personality factors in anorexia and bulimia nervosa and more recently in binge eating disorder.
This patient group is devoted to the pursuit of thinness as a means of reaching perfection and a recent study of Salford school children clearly indicates that many adolescent girls are excluding fat from their diet.
Many are vegetarian and the vast majority indicate that they would like to be thinner than they are, though most fall within the range of'healthy'weight. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble comportement alimentaire, Prévention, Education santé, Santé mentale, Promotion santé, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Eating disorder, Prevention, Health education, Mental health, Health promotion, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0190707
Code Inist : 002B18H05A. Création : 11/09/1998.