Undergoing cervical screening has been shown to produce significant effects on anxiety levels, mood, concentration, sleep, psychosexual functioning and social adjustment amongst a substantial minority of women who have a positive smear.
Psychological effects for women screened may arise from the procedures involved, the implications for the future, or changes in self concepts and body image.
Beliefs that screening detects cancer, and that treatment following abnormal smears is ineffective may contribute to distress.
We lack information on the impact of several components of screening, on effects on positive features of mental health and on effects that may arise even without being screened.
Adverse mental health effects of screening deserve careful consideration as they affect large numbers of women and are imposed on individuals who have not sought intervention on the understanding that the benefits of screening will outweigh the costs.
These adverse effects may be reduced by improving the accuracy of diagnosis, reducing waiting times and ensuring women are well informed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Col utérus, Prévention, Frottis, Exploration clinique, Angoisse anxiété, Dépistage, Santé mentale, Homme, Femelle, Appareil génital femelle pathologie, Col utérus pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Uterine cervix, Prevention, Smear, Clinical investigation, Anxiety, Medical screening, Mental health, Human, Female, Female genital diseases, Uterine cervix diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0190705
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 11/09/1998.