Increasing attention is being paid to the actual and potential psychological costs of screening and other medical procedures (Marteau, 1989 ; Wardle & Pope, 1992).
It has been suggested that the anxiety aroused by breast screening may significantly offset the benefits of early treatment and reduced mortality (Roberts, 1989 ; Schmidt, 1990 ; Tobias & Baum, 1996 ; Wright, 1986).
This brief paper reviews the evidence concerning the psychological costs of breast screening, focusing on anxiety and distress.
It summarizes the main points made in a recent detailed review of the literature (Sutton, 1998).
While that paper discusses all the major published studies on anxiety and breast screening, the present paper limits discussion to two recent prospective studies (Sutton et al., 1995 ; Walker et al., 1994).
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Glande mammaire, Prévention, Dépistage, Angoisse anxiété, Homme, Femelle, Glande mammaire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Mammary gland, Prevention, Medical screening, Anxiety, Human, Female, Mammary gland diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0190704
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 11/09/1998.