OBJECT : To analyze the influence of socioeconomic status on the prevalence, evolution and incidence of obesity between the ages of 12y and 15y in Belgium.
Retrospective cohort study.
2607 children from five social groups.
The body mass index (BMI) measured during two school medical examinations carried out at an interval of two years between the ages of 12y and 15y.
Between the ages of 12y and 15y the inverse relation between social status and the prevalence of obesity is accentuated in girls.
The increasing divergence between social groups was a result both of the greater incidence of new cases of obesity and the reduced improvement rate in obesity already present in adolescents of lower social classes.
Social inequalities in obesity increase during early adolescence.
Preventive measures, targeting children of low socioeconomic status, should be put in place at this stage of life.
Mots-clés Pascal : Obésité, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Evolution, Incidence, Etude comparative, Statut socioéconomique, Sexe, Belgique, Europe, Adolescent, Homme, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obesity, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Evolution, Incidence, Comparative study, Socioeconomic status, Sex, Belgium, Europe, Adolescent, Human, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0177030
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 11/09/1998.