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  1. The influence of socioeconomic status on the incidence and evolution of obesity during early adolescence.

    Article - En anglais

    OBJECT : To analyze the influence of socioeconomic status on the prevalence, evolution and incidence of obesity between the ages of 12y and 15y in Belgium.

    DESIGN 

    Retrospective cohort study.

    SUBJECTS 

    2607 children from five social groups.

    MEASUREMENTS 

    The body mass index (BMI) measured during two school medical examinations carried out at an interval of two years between the ages of 12y and 15y.

    RESULTS 

    Between the ages of 12y and 15y the inverse relation between social status and the prevalence of obesity is accentuated in girls.

    The increasing divergence between social groups was a result both of the greater incidence of new cases of obesity and the reduced improvement rate in obesity already present in adolescents of lower social classes.

    CONCLUSIONS 

    Social inequalities in obesity increase during early adolescence.

    Preventive measures, targeting children of low socioeconomic status, should be put in place at this stage of life.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Obésité, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Evolution, Incidence, Etude comparative, Statut socioéconomique, Sexe, Belgique, Europe, Adolescent, Homme, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obesity, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Evolution, Incidence, Comparative study, Socioeconomic status, Sex, Belgium, Europe, Adolescent, Human, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0177030

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 11/09/1998.