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  1. Health policy in transition : terminal care and site of death in Japan.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives 

    In Japan, hospitals have replaced homes as the predominant site of death, especially for the elderly.

    Site of death is a reliable indicator of where older people receive care before they die.

    We conducted a population-based study to identify the factors that determine site of death in a typical rural area in Japan.

    Methods 

    Study subjetcs were residents of Kawakami town, aged 70 years or older, who died during 1981 and 1990.

    Death certificates provided information on age, gender, cause of death, duration of illness before death, family members, family occupation, and site of death.

    Results 

    Among 455 subjects, 52.7% died at home, while 47.3% died in hospital.

    Multiple logistic regression analyses indicated that subjects with cancer were 6.1 times more likely to die in hospitals than those with other diseases.

    Subjects who died in their seventies were 2.3 times more likely to die in hospital than older subjects.

    Members of farming families were 1.7 times more likely to die inhospital than members of farming families.

    Gender, duration of illness, and the presence of spouse or children in the household were not significantly related to site of death according to multivariate analyses, althought trends did exist.

    Conclusion 

    This case study illustrates the importance of developing geriatric care systems in Japan, utilizing alternatives to hospitals, such as nursing homes and formal home care.

    This is particularly true for patients with cancer. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Japon, Asie, Nord, Monde, Hôpital, Vieillard, Adulte, Age, Population, Démographie, Politique sanitaire, Aspect politique, Géographie, Classe âge, Ambulatoire, Politique, Soin, A domicile

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Japan, Asia, North, World, Hospital, Elderly, Adult, Age, Population, Demography, Health policy, Political aspect, Geography, Age distribution, Ambulatory, Policy, Care, At home

    Notice produite par :
    ORS Auvergne - Observatoire Régional de la Santé d'Auvergne

    Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 11/09/1998.