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  1. Weapons of choice : Previous criminal history, later criminal activity, and firearm preference among legally authorized young adult purchasers of handguns.

    Article - En anglais


    To determine whether there is an association between criminal activity and preference for a particular class of handgun among young adults who purchase handguns legally.


    Historical cohort study.

    Materials and Methods 

    Subjects were 5,360 authorized purchasers of handguns in California in 1988 who were 21 to 25 years of age, divided into two groups : all eligible purchasers with a previous criminal history (n=2,765), and a random sample of purchasers with no such history (n=2,595).

    Handguns were classified as small and inexpensive or larger and expensive.

    Associations were assessed by relative risks adjusted for gender and race or ethnicity.

    Measurements and Main Results 

    Handgun purchasers with a previous criminal history were more likely than those without such a history to purchase a small, inexpensive handgun (relative risk (RR)=1.28 ; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.16-1.42).

    Among handgun purchasers with no previous criminal history, those who purchased a small, inexpensive handgun were more likely than purchasers of other handguns to be charged with new crimes after handgun purchase (RR=1.73 ; 95% CI, 1.34-2.24) and were nearly twice as likely to charged with new crimes involving firearms or violence (RR=1.93 ; 95% Cl, 1.38-2.69).


    In this population, criminal activity both before and after handgun purchase was associated with a preference for small, inexpensive handguns.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Relation incertitude, Antécédent, Criminalité, Propriété, Arme à feu, Taille, Coût, Récidive, Délinquance, Réglementation, Etude statistique, Homme, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Uncertainty relation, Antecedent, Criminality, Properties, Fire arm, Size, Costs, Relapse, Delinquency, Regulation, Statistical study, Human, California, United States, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0171548

    Code Inist : 002B01. Création : 21/07/1998.