There are two principal rationales for doctoral training of African scientists in health : 1) these scientists are essential for the nations of sub-Saharan Africa to define and implement their own health priorities, and 2) the research they perform is essential for development.
However, this training is difficult because of its expense (>$20,000 per year), because many developed country mentors are unaware of the realities of research in sub-Saharan Africa, and because major differences in salary provide a financial disincentive to return, We describe a training strategy that reduces attrition because it is linked to the investigators'responsibilities before and after training, and to home country priorities.
This strategy requires a close relationship between the developing country (on-site) and developed country (off-site) mentors, with joint participation in the selection and funding process, followed by course work and short-term, independent projects off-site that lead to a thesis project in the developing country, and subsequently to a defined professional position in the developing country after completion of the doctoral degree.
For this strategy to succeed, the developed country mentor must have both field experience and investigative expertise ; the developing country mentor must have an understanding of modern biology, as well as clinical and epidemiologic experience. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Enseignement supérieur, Formation professionnelle, Chercheur, Pays en développement, Recherche scientifique, Programme enseignement, Afrique, Homme, Médecin
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Graduate level education, Occupational training, Research worker, Developing countries, Scientific research, Educational program, Africa, Human, Physician
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0169177
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 21/07/1998.