Stillbereitschaft und öffentliche Diskussion : Evaluation von Gesundheitskampagnen zum Stillen zwischen 1991 und 1995.
Traduction en anglais : Acceptance of breast-feeding and public discussion : Evaluation of health campaigns on breastfeeding 1991-1995.
In 1990 the Innocenti Declaration on promoting breastfeeding was proclaimed in Florence/Italy.
It became the subject of resolution 45.34 of the World Health Assembly in 1992.
In the Federal Republic of Germany there was no wide-scale mass-media campaign to promote breastfeeding as in other countries.
But mother-to-mother support groups, medical services and the newly founded National Breastfeeding Committee supported prolonged breastfeeding in public.
The effects of the joint effort could be estimated by comparing the results of two postal surveys in 1991 and 1995.
The surveys were conducted in Lower Saxony, North-Rhine-Westphalia and Berlin.
A tendency could be shown toward more exclusive breastfeeding.
Breastfeeding with supplementary food increased by a factor of 1.3 after adjusting for the variables mother's age, sleeping in parents'room or bed and no-smoking household.
In Lower Saxony the increase was by a factor of 1.5 starting from a lower basevalue.
The baby sleeping in the parents'room or in their bed furthered breastfeeding by a factor of 1.5 to 4. Non smoking mothers are 4 times more willing to breastfeed their infants than smoking mothers.
German mothers breastfeed their infants two to three times more often than turkish mothers.
Mots-clés Pascal : Enquête par correspondance, Promotion santé, Allaitement, Programme sanitaire, Evaluation, Homme, Femelle, Immigrant, Allemand, Allemagne(république fédérale), Allemagne, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mail inquiry, Health promotion, Breast feeding, Sanitary program, Evaluation, Human, Female, Immigrant, German, West Germany, Germany, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0168922
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 21/07/1998.