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  1. Self-reported suicide attempts by adolescents.

    Article - En anglais

    A thorough medical literature review of adolescent self-reported suicide attempts focused on comparing the following :

    • (1) the prevalence of attempts in anonymous vs. face-to-face surveys ;

    • (2) the prevalence rates in the United States and Canada vs. those reported elsewhere ;

    • and (3) the prevalence of attempt findings vs. self-harm behavior in anonymous surveys.

    The major findings were :

    (1) 29 anonymous self-report questionnaire studies from nine countries revealed that a median of 7-10% of adolescent students acknowledged having made one or more suicide attempts ; (2) seven structured interview studies revealed a 34% lifetime prevalence of attempted suicide by adolescents ; (3) self-report questionnaire responses failed to reveal any overlap between deliberate self-harm behavior and suicide attempts ; (4) nonanonymous studies had an unusually high rate of refusal.

    Thus, self-reported suicide attempts are surprisingly frequent in adolescence and are reported two to three times more often under conditions of anonymity.

    Furthermore, youths report self-harm behavior as distinct from suicide attempts.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tentative suicide, Entretien, Questionnaire, Autoévaluation, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Canada, Automutilation, Méthode mesure, Psychométrie, Adolescent, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Suicide attempt, Interview, Questionnaire, Self evaluation, Prevalence, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Canada, Self injury, Measurement method, Psychometrics, Adolescent, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0167984

    Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 21/07/1998.