A thorough medical literature review of adolescent self-reported suicide attempts focused on comparing the following :
(1) the prevalence of attempts in anonymous vs. face-to-face surveys ;
(2) the prevalence rates in the United States and Canada vs. those reported elsewhere ;
and (3) the prevalence of attempt findings vs. self-harm behavior in anonymous surveys.
The major findings were :
(1) 29 anonymous self-report questionnaire studies from nine countries revealed that a median of 7-10% of adolescent students acknowledged having made one or more suicide attempts ; (2) seven structured interview studies revealed a 34% lifetime prevalence of attempted suicide by adolescents ; (3) self-report questionnaire responses failed to reveal any overlap between deliberate self-harm behavior and suicide attempts ; (4) nonanonymous studies had an unusually high rate of refusal.
Thus, self-reported suicide attempts are surprisingly frequent in adolescence and are reported two to three times more often under conditions of anonymity.
Furthermore, youths report self-harm behavior as distinct from suicide attempts.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tentative suicide, Entretien, Questionnaire, Autoévaluation, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Canada, Automutilation, Méthode mesure, Psychométrie, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Suicide attempt, Interview, Questionnaire, Self evaluation, Prevalence, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Canada, Self injury, Measurement method, Psychometrics, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0167984
Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 21/07/1998.