Long-term outcome of psychiatric disorders in the community : A 13-year follow-up study in a nonclinical population.
In 1980, a two-stage cross-sectional study on the prevalence of mental disorders was performed on a probability sample of 1,574 adult residents of two boroughs in Greater Athens served by a Community Mental Health Center (CMHC).
After completion of the interviews, a « case » identification procedure was applied through the use of clinical criteria allocating each respondent to one of five categories ranging from « well » to definite « cases » (stage A).
In stage B time 1 (1980 to 1981), two psychiatrists interviewed a sample of 360 respondents consisting of all the probable and definite cases together with randomly selected individuals from the other three mental status categories.
In 1994 (time 2), a follow-up study was conducted to reinterview the sample of 360 respondents through the use of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R (SCID).
The follow-up search resulted in 182 baseline respondents being located alive, plus 38 certified as dead and a residual 140 (38.8% of the baseline sample) categorized as definitely unlocatable.
We report results for the outcome of specific nosological entities over the 13-year period.
Among the main findings, of the previously (1980 to 1981) identified cases, 42.8% were similarly diagnosed as cases in the follow-up study at time 2 ; 92.4% of the baseline stage B (1980 to 1981) noncases were also found to be noncases in 1994. « Caseness » was found to be associated with high mortality. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Evolution, Etude longitudinale, Grèce, Europe, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Mental health, Evolution, Follow up study, Greece, Europe, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0166919
Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 21/07/1998.