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  1. Functional gastrointestinal disorders : psychological, social, and somatic features.

    Article - En anglais

    Background-Psychological, social, and extraintestinal (somatic) disturbances are prominent features of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID) ; little attention, however, has been given to differences in the nature of these disturbances in the various FGID subgroups.

    Aims- (1) To determine whether psychological, social, and extraintestinal factors are associated with specific FGID, and/or with the overall severity and extent of FGID disturbance (the number of coexistent FGID subgroups present in any individual) ; and (2) to determine whether chronic social stressors link gastrointestinal, extraintestinal, and emotional symptomatologies in FGID.

    Patients-One hundred and eighty eight outpatients, fulfilling standard criteria for one or more functional gastroduodenal or functional bowel disorders.

    Methods-Utilising detailed and objective interview and questionnaire methods, detailed gastrointestinal, extraintestinal, psychological, and social data were collected.

    Results

    Chronic stressors and extraintestinal and emotional symptomatologies were prominent features of functional dyspepsia (FD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) alone.

    These particular features were, however, highly specific for particular FD andlor IBS subgroups.

    The chronic threat component of social stressors predicted the nature and extent of multisystem (gastrointestinal, extraintestinal, and emotional) symptomatology. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble fonctionnel, Gastrointestinal, Effet milieu, Psychopathologie, Stress, Emotion émotivité, Statut social, Symptomatologie, Externe, Questionnaire, Pathogénie, Epidémiologie, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Estomac pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Dysfunction, Gastrointestinal, Medium effect, Psychopathology, Stress, Emotion emotionality, Social status, Symptomatology, External, Questionnaire, Pathogenesis, Epidemiology, Human, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Gastric disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0163384

    Code Inist : 002B13B03. Création : 21/07/1998.