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  1. Adolescent substance abuse : A review of the past 10 years.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To review and synthesize the recent scientific literature on adolescent substance abuse, covering natural history, epidemiology, etiology, comorbidity, assessment, treatment, and prevention, and to highlight areas for future research.

    Method 

    Studies of adolescent substance abuse were reviewed with the focus on substance abuse and dependence rather than substance use.

    Results 

    There has been a sharp recent resurgence in adolescent drug use.

    Biological factors, including genetic and temperament characteristics, as well as family environment factors, are emerging as important etiological variables.

    Comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders, particularly with conduct disorder, is frequent and complicates treatment.

    New assessment instruments are available for clinical and research use.

    Among treatment modalities, family-based interventions have received the most study.

    Conclusions 

    The past decade has seen growth in the volume and sophistication of research on adolescent substance abuse and in the conceptualization of this problem.

    Further research is needed, particularly on the significance of comorbid conditions and on individualized and effective treatment approaches.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Article synthèse, Epidémiologie, Etiologie, Association morbide, Traitement, Mesure, Psychométrie, Prévention, Sevrage toxique, Alcoolisme, Tabagisme, Toxicomanie, Adolescent, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Review, Epidemiology, Etiology, Concomitant disease, Treatment, Measurement, Psychometrics, Prevention, Poison withdrawal, Alcoholism, Tobacco smoking, Drug addiction, Adolescent, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0162477

    Code Inist : 002B18C05D. Création : 21/07/1998.