To estimate the frequency of injecting and prevalence of equipment sharing and other risky injecting practices among intravenous drug users (IDUs) and to identify correlates of these behaviours.
Three cross-sectional surveys of ID Us by face-to-face interview in the years 1992-94.
Multiple treatment and non-treatment sites throughout the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK Participants.
Six hundred and thirty-four interviews of 480 IDUs who reported having injected a drug in the previous six months.
Self-reports of drug-taking behaviours, service contact, sexual behaviour and HIV knowledge, and anonymous testing of saliva for HIV antibodies.
Only 18% had injected at least daily.
Thirty-five per cent had accepted or passed on used equipment.
Eighty-five per cent of subjects recruited from non-treatment sites were receiving treatment for their drug taking.
Multivariate analyses indicated that risky injecting was associated with a consistent history of sharing, polydrug injecting, injecting in prison, having recently started injecting, and recent experience of methadone detoxification.
Injecting frequency and equipment sharing have declined substantially in Edinburgh during the past 10 years and are low compared to other cities in the United Kingdom and elsewhere.
These improvements have occurred in the context of remarkably high levels of drug treatment service contact. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Voie intraveineuse, Prise risque, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Partage, Seringue, Relation sexuelle, Etude longitudinale, Ecosse, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Intravenous administration, Risk taking, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Sharing, Syringe, Sexual intercourse, Follow up study, Scotland, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0162108
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 21/07/1998.