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  1. The "improved" public house, 1870-1950 : the key to civilized drinking or the primrose path to drunkenness ?

    Article - En anglais

    The Victorian temperance movement aimed to eliminate, not reform, public houses, but from 1870 interest began to be taken in promoting an « improved » public house which could promote counter-attractions to drink.

    Disinterested management, based upon public ownership or a trust company, was advocated as the best means of achieving this.

    There was, however, an ambiguity about the nature of the « improved » public house.

    Was the goal an austere establishment where the drinking could be controlled in the public interest, or was it a comfortable leisure centre which would promote civilized drinking ?

    This ambiguity lay unresolved during the period of the Carlisle experiment in state control in the period after 1915.

    Increasingly during the inter-war years the policies of the state-run Carlisle scheme and the more go-ahead brewers converged.

    The issue was originally conceptualized as a moral one, then as one of national efficiency and finally as a commercial one.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Café bar, Royaume Uni, Europe, Attitude, Perception, Politique, Historique, Abstinence, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Homme, Réforme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cafe bar, United Kingdom, Europe, Attitude, Perception, Policy, Case history, Abstinence, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0162106

    Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 21/07/1998.