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  1. Alcohol consumption and mortality. II. Studies of male populations.

    Article - En anglais

    Aims

    This is the second of a set of three papers evaluating drinking status and mortality risk.

    Analysis of eight general population surveys of men evaluated all-cause mortality rates by drinking pattern.

    Design and participants

    Raw data from three studies of youth and five studies of adults were evaluated.

    Logistic regression models controlled for confounding characteristics.

    Meta-analysis combined study results

    Measurements.

    Drinking pattern was alternatively defined by quantity, frequency and volume of drinking.

    Final models included drinking pattern (as well as abstinence in the youth models and long-term abstainers and former drinkers in adult models), age and other confounding variables.

    Models also evaluated interactions of age and, respectively, long-term abstinence and former drinking.

    Findings

    No evidence was found for the hypothesis that abstinence is associated with greater mortality risk than light drinking.

    In the youth samples, abstainers had a lower risk of dying than those drinking less than 15 times per month.

    One study of the adult samples showed a significant age by former drinker interaction ; this did not alter the lack of association of former drinking with mortality risk or the homogeneity of results across studies for this finding.

    The most consistent finding was the association of heavy drinking with mortality among youth. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Facteur risque, Mortalité, Mâle, Quantité, Fréquence, Facteur sociodémographique, Santé mentale, Suède, Europe, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Risk factor, Mortality, Male, Quantity, Frequency, Sociodemographic factor, Mental health, Sweden, Europe, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0162004

    Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 21/07/1998.