Alcohol consumption and mortality. I. Characteristics of drinking groups.
This is the first of a set of three papers evaluating drinking status and mortality risk.
Analyses of multiple studies describe associations of drinking patterns with characteristics hypothesized to confound the relationships between drinking status and mortality.
Characteristics which both significantly differentiate drinking groups and are consistent across studies would suggest that mortality studies not controlling for them may be compromised.
Design and participants
Associations are evaluated from the raw data of 10 general population studies which contained mortality data.
Long-term abstainers are compared to former drinkers, long-term abstainers and former drinkers are compared to light drinkers (by quantity, frequency and volume in separate analyses) and moderate to heavy drinkers are compared to light drinkers.
Tetrachoric correlation coefficients assess statistical significance ; meta-analysis determines if associations are homogeneous across studies.
Measures of alcohol consumption are quantity, frequency and volume ; long-term abstainers are differentiated from former drinkers.
Multiple measures of health, social position, social integration and mental health characteristics are evaluated.
Across studies, adult male former drinkers are consistently more likely to be heavier smokers, depressed, unemployed, lower SES and to have used marijuana than long-term abstainers. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Facteur risque, Mortalité, Quantité, Fréquence, Etude comparative, Facteur sociodémographique, Santé mentale, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Suède, Europe, Epidémiologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Risk factor, Mortality, Quantity, Frequency, Comparative study, Sociodemographic factor, Mental health, United States, North America, America, Sweden, Europe, Epidemiology, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0162003
Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 21/07/1998.