Promoting widespread, durable service quality via interlocking contingencies.
Technologies for promoting quality of organizational services to the developmentally disabled have been evolving over the past several decades.
Feedback, reinforcement and, often, goal-setting, powerful change tools, generally are incorporated within behavioral interventions.
Despite their promise, wide-scale application of these strategies often is impeded by natural and informal organizational contingencies.
In an attempt to combat such impediments, a structure of interlocking contingencies was designed to train and support managers'provision of effective feedback to their subordinates, peers, and superiors.
The system included formal scheduling of feedback, reinforcement and goal setting in a way, that attempted to (a) minimize financial costs, time and effort ; (b) empower participants by involving them in designing the specifics of the system ; and (c) promote momentum by encouraging dense schedules of feedback.
Within a period of less than 6 months, supervisors, managers, and professional specialists conducted brief audits and delivered nearly 9,000 written feedback reports to workers serving 129 clients, with the result that staff-client interactions and client engagement levels increased substantially.
Future research should replicate these methods under more rigorous experimental conditions and formally assess some of the system's spillover into realms such as gains in clients'skill levels, and staff and public acceptance.
Mots-clés Pascal : Arriération mentale, Motivation, Activité professionnelle, Renforcement, Relation soignant soigné, Qualité service, Personnel sanitaire, Homme, Déficience intellectuelle, Trouble développement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental retardation, Motivation, Professional activity, Reinforcement, Health staff patient relation, Service quality, Health staff, Human, Intellectual deficiency, Developmental disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0161067
Code Inist : 002B18H04. Création : 21/07/1998.