Annual Meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology. Ft Lauderdale, FL, USA, 1997/05.
This study aimed to provide a comparative analysis of American population-based prevalence of uncorrected binocular distance visual acuity in Hispanics and non-Hispanics.
The study design was a population-based survey.
Data from the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 1982 and 1984 and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I from 1974 through 1975 were analyzed to investigate the epidemiology of uncorrected binocular distance visual acuity in adults 25 to 74 years of age in Cuban Americans (N=391), Mexican Americans (N=1350), Puerto Ricans (N=504), African Americans (N=245), and non-Hispanic white Americans (N=2571).
Uncorrected binocular distance visual acuity in both eyes was assessed using Sloan letters or Landolt rings.
Prevalence rates of 20/50 or worse uncorrected binocular distance visual acuity were 22%, 24%, 19%, 18%, and 32% for African Americans, Cuban Americans, Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans, and non-Hispanic whites, respectively.
After adjustment for gender and age, the rates were significantly higher (P<0.05) for non-Hispanic whites compared to each of the other ethnic groups.
Significant increases in the prevalence of 20/50 or worse distance visual acuity were observed for increasing age groups (25-39,40-59, and 60-74 years) within each gender-ethnic subgroup. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Déficit, Acuité visuelle, Vision éloignée, Vision binoculaire, Prévalence, Traitement, Correction, Ethnie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Etude comparative, Oeil pathologie, Trouble vision, Hispanique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Deficiency, Visual acuity, Far vision, Binocular vision, Prevalence, Treatment, Corrections, Ethnic group, United States, North America, America, Human, Comparative study, Eye disease, Vision disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0158929
Code Inist : 002B09N. Création : 21/07/1998.