Despite concerns about its prevalence and ramifications, harassment has not been well quantified among physicians.
Previous published studies have been small, have surveyed only 1 site or a convenience sample, and have suffered from selection bias.
Our database is the Women Physicians'Health Study, a large (4501 respondents ; response rate, 59%), nationally distributed questionnaire study.
We analyzed responses concerning gender-based and sexual harassment.
Overall, 47.7% of women physicians reported ever experiencing gender-based harassment, and 36.9% reported sexual harassment.
Harassment was more common while in medical school (31% for gender-based and 20% for sexual harassment) or during internship, residency, or fellowship (29% for gender-based and 19% for sexual harassment) than in practice (25% for gender-based and 11% for sexual harassment).
Respondents more likely to report gender-based harassment were physicians who were now divorced or separated and those specializing in historically male specialties, whereas those of Asian and other (nonwhite, nonblack, non-Asian, non-Hispanic) ethnicity, those living in the East, and those self-characterized as politically very conservative were less likely to report gender-based harassment. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecin, Homme, Femelle, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Prévalence, Harcèlement sexuel
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Physician, Human, Female, United States, North America, America, Prevalence, Sexual harassment
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0154828
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 21/07/1998.