logo BDSP

Base documentaire


Votre avis nous intéresse

Le réseau BDSP met en oeuvre un projet d'innovation et d'amélioration de ses services, dans le souci constant de proposer des contenus de qualité adaptés aux besoins des utilisateurs.

Identifier de nouvelles sources de financements est la condition nécessaire pour assurer la poursuite et la pérennité de cet outil unique qu'est la BDSP, tout en le faisant évoluer.

Pour définir un nouveau modèle économique, nous avons besoin de votre avis : merci de répondre à notre enquête (temps estimé : 5 minutes).

Participer maintenant
Participer plus tard J'ai déjà participé

  1. Potential human and economic cost-savings attributable to vision testing policies for driver license renewal, 1989-1991.

    Article - En anglais

    Purpose

    This study assessed the impact of vision-related relicensing policies on traffic fatalities in the United States.

    There is a limited empirical basis for state vision testing policies for relicensing.

    Furthermore, it is uncertain whether contemporary vision standards for driver licensing achieve their implicit goal of protecting the public's health, or inappropriately restrict the mobility of competent drivers.

    Methods

    The 48 contiguous states and the District of Columbia were the « subjects » in this investigation.

    During the study period (1989 to 1991), 10 states did not require vision testing for driver license renewal.

    Multiple regression modeling was used to assess the impact of vision-related relicensing policies on traffic safety and to estimate the number of avoidable vehicle occupant fatalities and corresponding economic costs associated with traffic crashes involving older drivers (=60 years).

    The primary data source for this investigation was the Fatal Accident Reporting System (FARS) database.

    Results

    Vision-related relicensing policies were significantly associated (p<0.05) with lower vehicle occupant fatality rates of older drivers.

    According to the final regression model, approximately 222 fewer vehicle occupant fatalities (-12.2%) associated with older drivers would be expected for the 3-year period if mandatory vision testing policies had been in effect in 8 of the 10 states without such policies. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Licence, Conduite véhicule, Renouvellement, Accident circulation, Exploration clinique, Vision, Rapport coût bénéfice, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Licence, Vehicle driving, Renewal, Traffic accident, Clinical investigation, Vision, Cost benefit ratio, United States, North America, America, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0154537

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 21/07/1998.